What is a Holding Company and Why is it Useful?
A Holding company is a type of company that doesn’t produce goods or services itself, but owns other companies that do. These other companies are called subsidiaries, and the Holding company owns their shares. This allows the Holding company to control the subsidiaries without getting involved in their day-to-day operations.
A Holding company structure is useful for a number of reasons. First, it can provide a layer of protection for the owners’ personal assets, since the Holding company is a separate legal entity. Second, it can help manage risk, as the Holding company can diversify its investments across multiple subsidiaries. And third, it can provide tax advantages, as we’ll explain below.
What is a German GmbH and How Can it Be Used as a Holding Company?
A German GmbH is a type of limited liability company that is popular for small and medium-sized businesses. It offers several benefits, including limited liability for the owners and a simplified tax system. For these reasons, a GmbH is a common choice for Holding companies.
When a GmbH is used as a Holding company, it can own shares in one or more subsidiaries. This allows the Holding company to receive dividends from the subsidiaries, which can be reinvested in the subsidiaries or allocated to other investment opportunities.
What Are the Tax Advantages of a Holding Company?
One of the main advantages of a Holding company is the tax benefits it can provide. In Germany, if a Holding company receives dividends from its subsidiaries, only 5% of the dividends are subject to corporate tax at a rate of 15%, plus a solidarity surcharge and Gewerbesteuer (a local business tax). The remaining 95% of the dividends are tax-exempt, and the Holding company can retain the funds for future investments.
On the other hand, if an individual taxpayer receives the same amount of dividends, the entire amount is subject to individual income tax at a rate of 25% plus a solidarity surcharge of 5.5%. This results in an effective tax rate of 30% or more, depending on the taxpayer’s other income and deductions.
As a result, using a Holding company can result in significant tax savings compared to receiving dividends as an individual. In fact, the effective tax rate for a Holding company can be as low as 1.7%, depending on the local business tax rate.
Setting up a Holding company in Germany can be a smart move for savvy investors and entrepreneurs. Not only can it help you manage risk and limit liability, but it can also provide significant tax advantages. If you’re ready to explore the possibilities of a Holding company with a German GmbH structure, look no further than LTC Business Services. Our expert team can guide you through every step of the process, from incorporation to tax optimization. Don’t miss out on the opportunity to take your business to the next level – contact LTC Business Services today.
Learn from Our Experts
Contact us now, start your LTC Business Services experience today!
Launch Your Own Holding Company Today
Fill out a quick and simple questionnaire to get started today.
Frequently asked questions
If you have any unanswered questions, please don’t hesitate to contact us.
The most common types of business entities in Germany are the Limited Liability Company (GmbH) and the Unternehmergesellschaft (UG). Both offer limited liability protection for shareholders and can be established quickly and easily.
To set up a company in Germany, you will need to provide identification documents for all shareholders and appoint a managing director. You will also need to register your company with the local trade office and obtain a tax number from the local tax office.
The corporate tax rate in Germany is currently 15%, plus a solidarity surcharge of 5.5% and a municipal surcharge of between 14% and 17% depending on the municipality. The combined rate typically ranges from 30-33%.
Setting up a company in Germany offers several benefits, including access to a highly skilled workforce, a stable and transparent legal system, and a favorable business climate. Germany is also an ideal location for holding companies, with its participation in the EU’s single market and network of double taxation treaties.
In general, it is not required for a director to live in Germany to set up a business there. However, the German tax office will only issue a tax ID for your business if the director lives in Germany or can provide evidence that they are frequently present at the registered office of the German company.
As a result, in practice, it is often necessary to have a local director in Germany for your company.